list of dictatorship countries

Many countries which are seen as otherwise democratic are dictatorships because there has yet to be an alternation in power since their incumbent government has never lost an election. A dictatorship is a type of government in which a single personthe dictatoror party has absolute power. [1] Popularly elected means that the head of state is directly elected by the citizens or elected by an assembly which then elects them (an example being the electoral college in the United States). The leaders of dictatorships are not outwardly identified as dictators when other people are addressing them. Monarchies: 3. The classification depends on the rules outlining the relationship between a country's government, legislative assembly (often called the legislature), and head of state. [102] The stability of the Soviet Union weakened in the 1980s. The 20th century saw the rise of fascist and communist dictatorships in Europe; fascism was eradicated in the aftermath of World War II in 1945, while communism spread to other continents, maintaining prominence until the end of the Cold War in 1991. Argentina and Mexico are the countries with Dictatorship as a government form. [98], During World War II, many countries of Central and Eastern Europe had been occupied by the Soviet Union. In the past, they wore olive-green uniforms and used military might to gain power. Freedom House, the Polity data series, and the Democracy-Dictatorship Index are three of the most used data series by political scientists. Adolf Hitler - WORST DICTATOR. Changing Human Nature Needs a "Dictatorship of the Proletariat" . [101] Albania was established as a communist dictatorship under Enver Hoxha in 1944. They are ruled by one-party or military dictatorships, religious hierarchies, or autocrats. Marxist one-party states are sometimes distinguished from other one-party states, but they function similarly. Miguel Daz-Canel, the son of Ral Castro who replaced him as president of Cuba, has kept the dictatorship structure in place that was established by Fidel Castro during the Cuban revolution. [108], Dictatorship in Europe largely ended after the fall of the Soviet Union in 1991, and the liberalization of most communist states. Due to it, the countries went towards dictatorship. Democracy is broadly understood to mean 'rule by the people'. Military dictatorships are controlled by military officers, one-party dictatorships are controlled by the leadership of a political party, and personalist dictatorships are controlled by a single individual. [124], The type of economy in a dictatorship can affect how it functions. Based on a "minimalist" theory of democracy, the index relies on rules regarding the existence of competitive elections. Deadliest Dictator Regimes in History Maoist Catastrophe Between 1946 and 1976, China suffered under the rule of Mao Zedong, a communist revolutionary who founded the People's Republic of China. Nations with a legacy of military dictatorship (s) In Africa Algeria (1965-1994) Burkina Faso (1966-1991) Burundi (1966-1993) Central African Republic (1966-1993) Chad (1975-1991) Congo-Brazzaville (1968-1992) Equatorial Guinea (1968-1982) Ethiopia (1974-1991) Gambia, The (1994-1997) Guinea (1984-1991) Ghana (1966-1969; 1972-1979; 1981-1993) ], Based on the regime binary classification idea proposed by Alvarez in 1996,[5] and the Democracy and Development (or DD measure, ACLP dataset) proposed by Przeworski et al. Under this system, there are three types of dictatorships. Factions or divisions among the elites will mitigate their ability to bargain with the dictator, resulting in the dictator having more unrestrained power. Malcolm Congal Aidan Julian Haldane, 23rd king of Gwynedd, reigned 1025 to 1074. The result is that such regimes have no internal checks and balances, and are thus unrestrained when exerting repression on their people, making radical shifts in foreign policy, or starting wars with other countries. [9] Political philosopher Hannah Arendt describes totalitarianism as a new and extreme form of dictatorship composed of "atomized, isolated individuals" in which ideology plays a leading role in defining how the entire society should be organized. [95] A similar phenomenon took place in Korea, where Kim Il-sung created a Soviet-backed communist dictatorship in North Korea[96] and Syngman Rhee created a US-backed nationalist dictatorship in South Korea. Monarchies may be dynastic, in which the royal family serves as a ruling institution similar to a political party in a one-party state, or they may be non-dynastic, in which the monarch rules independently of the royal family as a personalist dictator. Dictatorships are authoritarian or totalitarian and can be classified as military dictatorships, one-party dictatorships, personalist dictatorships, or absolute monarchies. An appropriate example of this occurred in 2020 when Russian president Vladimir Putin and his party introduced amendments to the country's constitution that reworked term limits, enabling Putin to remain in power until 2036. Latin America experienced a dramatic political change in the last quarter of the twentieth century. They may be military officers, party members, or friends and family of the dictator. Dictators are incentivized to avoid the use of violence once a reputation of violence is established, as it damages the dictatorship's other institutions and poses a threat to the dictator's rule should government forces become disloyal. President Vladimir Putin is currently serving his fourth term as President of Russia. [52], Dictatorship is historically associated with the Ancient Greek concept of tyranny, and several ancient Greek rulers have been described as "tyrants" that are comparable to modern dictators. * Venezuela - Nicolas Maduro * Mauritania - Mohamed Ould Abdulaziz * Algeria - Abdelaziz Bouteflika * Tunisia - Beji Caid Essebesi * Chad - Idriss Deby * Sudan - Omar al-Bashir * Cameroon - Paul Biy. Single-party dictatorships were most common during the Cold War, with dominant-party dictatorships becoming more common after the fall of the Soviet Union. He all but eradicated corruption. [8], Totalitarianism is a variation of dictatorship characterized by the presence of a single political party and more specifically, by a powerful leader who imposes personal and political prominence. [9], Gugiu & Centellas developed the Democracy Cluster Classification Index that integrates five democracy indicators (including the DD dataset, Polity dataset), clustering 24 American and 39 European regimes over 30 years.[2]. Repression is the accumulation of state behaviors that target actors who challenge beliefs, institutions, and actions of the dictatorship. Rodrigo Duterte (Philippines) Rodrigo Roa Duterte is the legally, directly-elected President of the Philippines and leading member of the PDP-Laban party. In some cases, nations may have multiple ruling bodies or government types, meaning they're not exclusively countries that are governed by dictatorships. After the recent death of Idriss Deby in April 2021, his son Mahamat Deby took over. Myanmar has been thrown into the darkness of the military dictatorship once again as this morning, the military junta arrested "The daughter of democracy" Aung San Suu Kyi and reinstated the military rule. In their book "Dictators and Dictatorships: Understanding Authoritarian Regimes and Their Leaders", authors Natasha M. Ezrow and Erica Frantz lay out five types of dictatorships: Power is obtained and maintained through military might. Unfortunately, democracy is still shaky in many countries, a number of which are fighting violent religious insurrections, and the likelihood of any fallen dictator being quickly replaced by another dictator is high. What countries are currently ruled by dictatorships? A dictator may address the opposition by repressing it through force, modifying laws to restrict its power, or appeasing it with limited benefits. This does not indicate cases of semi-democracy or semi-dictatorship. [according to whom? [26] Ruling parties in one-party dictatorships are distinct from political parties that were created to serve a dictator in that the ruling party in a one-party dictatorship permeates every level of society. During the first half of the 20th century, dictatorships took control of a number of technologically advanced countries. Syria - Well, it depends. Adolf Hitler - 1889-1945. Perhaps someday some of these modern dictatorships will cast off their dictators and embrace a more democratic and inclusive form of government. Like most dictators, they also often employ secret police and violence to silence critics. [148], Terrorism is less common in dictatorships. Military dictatorships are more prone to conflict due to the inherent military strength associated with such a regime, and personalist dictatorships are more prone to conflict due to the weaker institutions to check the dictator's power. [25], One-party dictatorships are governments in which a single political party dominates politics. Exceptions to the pattern of poverty in dictatorships include oil-rich Middle Eastern dictatorships and the East Asian Tigers during their periods of dictatorship. Most caudillos came from a military background, and their rule was typically associated with pageantry and glamor. Political control is any tactic through which the state seeks to gain compliance from society. Dictatorships seem much more extreme and unethical to people who enjoy the privilege of an outside perspective. Nazi Germany under Adolf Hitler and the Soviet Union under Joseph Stalin were the leading examples of such modern totalitarian . To enact policy, a dictator must either appease the regime's elites or attempt to replace them. [73], Dictatorships in Latin America persisted into the 20th century, and further military coups established new regimes, often in the name of nationalism. Just like a dictatorship, an autocracy is a government headed by a single ruler (the autocrat) whose decisions are not subject to legal restraints and who exercises unlimited and undisputed power. The Democracy-Dictatorship Index has the main regime types of "democracy" and "dictatorship" and three sub-types for each as well. This may be ensured through incentives, such as distribution of financial resources or promises of security, or it may be through repression, in which failing to support the regime is punished. For dictatorships, monarchic, military and civilian dictatorship. [20][21] They are most common in developing nations in Africa, Asia, and Latin America. (Image Wikipedia) Electoral process and pluralism: 0.00. [84] Other nationalist movements in Europe established dictatorships based on the fascist model. If you think that today's world is all about democracy, human rights, and freedoms, you live in a total illusion and you should definitely read our list of 15 countries with dictatorships today. These individuals form an inner circle, making up a class of elites that hold a degree of power within the dictatorship and receive benefits in exchange for their support. #SOSCuba. Hybrid dictatorships blend elements of the other four types. Hybrid dictatorships are regimes that have a combination of these classifications. It was initially aligned with Yugoslavia, but its alignment shifted throughout the Cold War between Yugoslavia, the Soviet Union, and China. The economic focus of a dictatorship often depends on the strength of the opposition, as a weaker opposition allows a dictator to extract additional wealth from the economy through corruption.[125]. Adolf Hitler known for his Nazi party and the barbarities and fierceness during his autocracy rule. Too Much Power. Typically, dictators rise to power when a nation faces significant social issues, such as strong economic crises or unrest among the nation's people. A totalitarian government has "total control of mass communications and social and economic organizations". The rights of the people are typically suppressed in a dictatorship, sometimes to a great degree. Is North Korea a dictatorship? [81] These reforms incorporated totalitarianism, fealty to the state, expansionism, corporatism, and anti-communism. [126] Four strategies of political control commonly employed by dictatorships are repression, indoctrination, coercive distribution, and infiltration. Allowing the opposition to have representation in the regime, such as through a legislature, further reduces the likelihood of terrorist attacks in a dictatorship. [14], Unless they have undertaken a self-coup, those seizing power typically have little governmental experience and do not have a detailed policy plan in advance. Whether or not Putin is a dictator is a matter of some debate. [16], Most dictatorships are formed through military means or through a political party. Totalitarianism is a form of autocracy in which the state has total control over its citizens. [8]:457 Elected heads of state are usually referred to as "president." A Roman dictator was a special magistrate that was temporarily appointed by the consul during times of crisis and granted total executive authority. Imelda Marcos. Most of them are characterized by a single leader with either no party or one that is weak. ( 1, 2, 3) 5 Paul Kagame, the 60-year-old President of Rwanda, has been in power since 1994 when his rebel army ended the genocide which had killed 800,000 people. Current dictatorships include Russia, Equatorial New Guinea, and North Korea. Perhaps someday some of these modern dictatorships will cast off their dictators and embrace a more democratic and inclusive form of government. 10. [91], The Chinese Civil War ended in 1949, splitting the Republic of China under Chiang Kai-shek and the People's Republic of China under Mao Zedong. Even in today's modern world, where freedom is prized and respected, you will still find examples of dictatorship governments around the globe.

Gaap Accounting Capitalize Vs Expense Repairs, Best Bait For Fishing Hypixel Skyblock, Top 10 Most Corrupt Cities In America 2021, Coffee Rani Nutrition Information, Articles L